River Glen at Guthram Gowt
Guthram Gowt shown within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference
85 mi (137 km) S
List of places
LincolnshireCoordinates: 52°47′13″N 0°15′32″W / 52.787°N 0.259°W / 52.787; -0.259
Guthram Gowt is a small settlement in the South Holland district of Lincolnshire, England. It is situated 5 miles (8 km) both east from Bourne and west from Spalding, and at a bend in the River Glen.
The word ‘gowt’ refers to a sluice or outflow, though the origin of the word is not known with complete certainty. It appears to be cognate with the French égout, sewer. Though the modern mind associates the word ‘sewer’ with foul water, it was not always necessarily so. There are several ‘gowt’ placenames on the fens, including Anton’s Gowt. In a reference that predates the pumping works, the nearby turnpike toll gate was known as Guthram Cote. This is indicative, as though the spelling and form of the name vary considerably, there appears to be no reference to the use of ‘gowt’ in connection with Guthram’s Cote before the steam engine was installed. The earlier name was still in use contemporary with the use of the engine.
In 1189, when Richard I disaforested Spalding and Pinchbeck, Guthrams Gowt was known as Gudramsende, and the precursor of the adjacent Forty Foot Drain was the Midfendic.
A wind-driven scoopwheel pump was operating here as early as 1766. In the 19th and early 20th century a steam-powered drainage engine was in existence, set up following the Acts of Parliament of 1841 and 1843.
The 1841 act of parliament authorized the building of an engine to drain Bourne North Fen, replacing engines (probably windmills), erected after an act of 1776, which were described as “dilapidated, decayed and entirely removed”. The act of 1843 transferred all responsibility for this engine and the drainage from the Black sluice commissioners to the Bourne North Fen Commissioners, a separation of responsibilities that continued u